The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community

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Because of the length of both of the book and time frame covered, McNeill did not go into a detail history instead focusing on trends and important historical moments that may or may not involve historical actors like Alexander or Genghis Khan. Yet information is outdated as new sources or archaeological evidence has changed our understanding of several civilizations over the last 50 years.

The Rise of the West takes a long time to read, however the information—though outdated in places—gives the reader a great overview of world history on every point of the globe. Oct 18, Ahmad Abdul Rahim rated it it was amazing Shelves: sejarah , sejarah-dunia , arkeologi , evolusi , globalisasi , klasik , masyarakat-pramoden. Ini membuatkan aku terkejut dengan isi yang terdapat di dalam buku ini.

Penulis adalah cukup kosmopolitan di dalam mencakupkan sejarah dan pengaruh tamadun China, Indo-Parsi dan juga Asia Tenggara walau aku syak yang beliau lebih memaksudkan Indonesia berbanding Nusantara secara umumnya di dalam panorama sejarah du Buku 'Rise Of The West' ini terbitkan pada tahun , kurang dua tahun sebelum Martin Luther King berarak dari Selma ke Montgomery, menuntut hak politikal kaum Kulit Hitam Amerika. Penulis adalah cukup kosmopolitan di dalam mencakupkan sejarah dan pengaruh tamadun China, Indo-Parsi dan juga Asia Tenggara walau aku syak yang beliau lebih memaksudkan Indonesia berbanding Nusantara secara umumnya di dalam panorama sejarah dunianya.

Tesis 'Kebangkitan Barat' beliau pula, walaupun sudah tentu adalah Eurosentrik, adalah 'Eurosentrik' untuk sebab yang betul. Apa yang lebih menarik adalah tindakan penulis menyantuni impak kaum gasar yang hidup terutamanya di sepanjang dataran lapang Eurasia steppe peoples terhadap tamadun-tamadun yang pernah berinteraksi dengannya.

The Rise of the West

Aku tidak pernah membaca suatu rekonstruksi semula akan kesan dan impak kaum-kaum gasar, yang nyata sekali bukanlah monolitik di dalam tatahidup mereka, terhadap tamadun-tamadun terbesar dunia yang lebih unggul daripada apa yang dipersembahkan McNeill di sini. Perlu dititipkan di sini bahawa konsep tamadun yang disebutkan penulis, pada pendapat aku, adalah datang daripada paradigma Toynbee-ian.

Malah aku melihat buku ini sebagai suatu usaha untuk melanjutkan paradigma tersebut dengan McNeill menegaskan tiada tamadun berdiri dengan sendiri - "No civilization is an island". Tetapi penulis tawar hati selepas menyaksikan betapa Toynbee yang ketika itu sudah menginjak usia senja, terlalu berkeras dengan konsepsi tamadun beliau sebagai suatu entiti mapan yang naik dan turun di dalam satu kitaran alam yang deterministik. Dari sisi ini, William H McNeill adalah suatu sejarahwan materialis apabila beliau menitikberatkan pengaruh artifak kesenian halus patung, lukisan, hasil tangan di dalam memfasilitasi gerak-daya pembentukan dan pertukaran budaya.

Alasan McNeill adalah kerana artifak-artifak sebegini diterima dengan mudah serta tidak memerlukan dialektika secara langsung dengan agama atau budaya tempatan. Contohnya adalah pengenalan teknologi Barat oleh paderi Jesuit serta ilmu kaji bintang oleh cendekia Arab ke China yang berlaku secara satu-hala; yakni tanpa China terpesona dengan tamadun Barat mahupun Arab. Ramalan-ramalan beliau di bahagian konklusi buku, ada yang sedikit salah dan tidak kurang juga yang salah sesalahnya apabila dinilai kembali separuh abad kemudian. McNeill menjangkakan negara baru ketika itu Pakistan bakal menghembuskan nafas segar kepada legasi ketamadunan Islam setelah merkea menyerapkan konsep negara bangsa yang demokratik ke dalam perlembagaannya.

Juga beliau menjangkakan dunia yang semakin aman dengan kewujudan suatu badan berkanun trans-nasional PBB? Juga ramalan beliau tentang keakraban historikal, ideologikal antara Rusia dengan Barat Eropah Barat, Amerika akan menyatukan mereka di dalam menghadapi seteru sama yang datang dari latar historikal, ideologikal yang lain seperti China. Agakan-agakan ini memanglah terbukti salah tetapi sebagai pembaca aku mendapati penilaian McNeill yang dibuat sewaktu an itu sebagai menarik dan tidak kurang nilai sejarahnya.

Ramalan-ramalan beliau yang lain, seperti manipulasi pendapat massa lewat instrumen-instrumen propaganda oleh pemerintahan totalitarian tentu sekali telah terbukti benar. Buku ini adalah pembacaan yang sama sekali bukanlah ringan, hatta bagi standard buku-buku sejarah yang definitif buku The Penguin History of The World antara yang hadir dalam ingatan.

Ayat-ayatnya begitu sarat dengan maklumat-maklumat implikatif. Pembaca pasti akan takjub bagaimana di dalam ms, penulis berjaya memuatkan pembentukan komuniti-komuniti manusia yang berbilang, dan di lokasi geografikal berlainan sepanjang sejarah dengan ketelitian yang begitu seni, tanpa gagal untuk merangkumkannya kembali ke dalam panorama sejarahraya beliau. Namun andai direnungkan dengan mendalam, di sinilah kelemahan buku ini bakal tertayang: - Sempadan setiap komuniti, bangsa atau negara adalah disebut secara arbitrari dan pembaca diharap untuk mempunyai pengetahuan sejarah atau geografi yang mencukupi.

Bandar kuno Carthage dan Ertruria umpamanya tidak pernah disebutkan penulis sebagai terletak di Tunisia moden atau Itali Tengah.

A Very Brief History of Western Civilization

Aku boleh sahaja katakan bahawa catatan-catatan pinggir tersebut boleh dijamakkan menjadi sebuah buku baru yang nipis. Hal ini menyebabkan pengalaman pembacaan buku ini tidak mengalir dengan cukup lancar. Mungkin itu sebabnya titik perkembangan era moden pasca abad ke hanya disentuh penulis pada ms terakhir sahaja memandangkan transisi antara suatu status quo kepada status quo yang baru sering kali berlaku dibawah dinamika yang serupa. Hal ini berlaku tanpa mampu terelakkan untuk sebuah buku yang berambisi tinggi seperti ini. Ini menyebabkan beberapa konklusi beliau tentang satu-satu tamadun ber'perisa' esensialis konklusi beliau tentang Tamadun Barat umpamanya adalah begitu mirip dengan definisi Tamadun Barat yang diusulkan Prof Syed Naquib Al Attas dan bakal menyinggung pembaca yang menginginkan suatu tafsiran yang lebih saintifik atau positivis.

View all 3 comments. Feb 02, Karen Cox rated it it was amazing.

The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community - William H. McNeill - Google книги

I cannot rate this book highly enough. It is the best basic history book in existence, going from Sumer to the middle of the 20th Century. McNeill's writing is clear and easy to comprehend, yet he never oversimplifies the material he covers. Anyone who wants a thorough overview of history from Sumeria to the s, this is the book. It should be noted that while he calls the book "Rise of the West," he covers India, China, and the Americas as well.

In fact, this is one of the best books I've eve I cannot rate this book highly enough. In fact, this is one of the best books I've ever read on India prior to the Moghuls. He includes a long section on the relation between China and the subcontinent. Well worth the time. Aug 18, Michael Holm rated it it was amazing Shelves: history , re-read. The Rise Of The West by William McNeill is reputed to argue that civilizations influenced each other, versus Toynbee's and Spengler's view that world civilizations developed independently.

McNeill makes a good case and credits trade and commerce primarily as the agents of influence. It won the National Book Award in history and is on Modern Library's list of the best non-fiction books of the 20th century. It is well-written and has lots of footnotes giving his sources.

A brief survey of The Rise Of The West by William McNeill is reputed to argue that civilizations influenced each other, versus Toynbee's and Spengler's view that world civilizations developed independently. A brief survey of human pre-history and about years of world history up to is compressed into pages. He is rather brief and dismissive of American and African civilizations prior to contact with Western Europeans.

Description

Instead he describes the development of the Eurasian steppe peoples which so frequently impinged upon civilizations. His brief description of early Homo sapiens evolution varies from current anthropological websites, probably because of recent discoveries in the last sixty-five years since publication of this book. A lot of the history reports changes of political control in the civilizations.

There is some discussion of cultural life. McNeill inventories the discoveries and inventions especially military that influenced historical events, such as the war chariots, the phalanx, armored cavalry, the plow, the steam engine, gunpowder, the compass, the printing press, etc. For instance, the printing press, along with the political tensions in Germany, made the Reformation possible. The compass, invented in China, made sea explorations and the discovery of the Americas possible. Technology was key.

But he notes that China did not use the compass for exploration and gunpowder for military advantage because of their introverted culture. Armored cavalry knights evolved in Persia in opposition to the steppe barbarian invaders. Feudalism developed to support knights. Kings usually had trouble controlling their nobles, knights.

Barbaric conquerors were usually weakened by the luxury of the civilization they found only to be attacked by other barbarians. It seems that the price of progress is the cost of warfare. Western Europe began to dominate the world after due to the industrial revolution, advanced technology and its restless, curious culture. I haven't read many world history books and am not a historian, so I can't vouch for its authority.

But I enjoy this book and recommend it.

Aug 01, Bob Shair rated it it was amazing. First read this in college more than 50 years ago. In rereading it, I realized how much it shaped my understanding of the world. Of course I understood it better now than at age A well-written, enjoyable history of the world. Aug 29, David rated it really liked it Shelves: did-not-finish-bookmarked , history.

Globalization and Global History

I really want to read this book. The problem is, I work on a university campus so about a week ago my life got busy. In other words, this book has "summer reading" written all over it and its not summer. I did get far enough to make some observations. This book, though dated, is good for anyone who wants a general history of world civilization.

And when I say "world" I mean it.

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The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community

It is called the Rise of the West, I am assuming because the West has become the most powerful culture in the world. Bu I really want to read this book. But McNeill talks about India and China and other cultures that are not "the west. It seems the general movement of the book is how all these cultures interacted and over time the West became the most powerful. So we don't just get a story of Mesopotamia - Egypt - Persia - Greece but we hear how both India and Greece arose at the same time on different sides of the Middle East.

I wonder if the title would change if it was written today? Maybe in years, as the story continues, it could be "The Rise of the East"? I mean, just because the West dominated the world in the s does not mean the West always will. This story is not, nor will ever be complete. If you're looking for a history of the world focusing on interactions of cultures, check this one out.

I may crack it open next summer. Don't be fooled by the first half of the title. An excellent survey of world history, rich with detail, very evenhanded, and a great introduction to so many fascin Spectacular. An excellent survey of world history, rich with detail, very evenhanded, and a great introduction to so many fascinating topics. McNeill gets it right Against the fashionable pessimism of the early '60s through the early s, he sees with unblinking clarity what has happened and why. His research is flawless and unquestioned, his constructions reasonable and apparently right.

This book and its author will be remembered, studied and honored centuries from now, while lesser, more cynical historians will be rightfully consigned to the proverbial dustbin of history.